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ĩŸ, ¥

 

2016 12 3, ä ̱ ߻Ѵ. ̱ ߽ɰ αٿ ִ ڰԿ 20 ѱ⸦ ̴. θ ش , ൿⰡ ̾. ġ ̵ ϱ ؼ. ΰ ϴ, ̱ ũ ̽ Ǿ ¥(Fake News) ڰƮ ̾߱⿴. Ҽȹ̵ ¥ ߿ Ŭ ִ ĺ αٿ ִ ڰ Ͻǿ ƵŸ ϰ ִٴ ٰ ־. ѱ ش ¥ ϰ ޾Ƶ鿴, ¥ ڰԷ ãư ̵ ϱ ѱ⸦ ̴.

 

̱ ִ ̽ ٷ ̷ ¥̾. ¥ ¿ƴٴ ̴. ׵ ׷ , ۳ 11 ̱ 5 4 ¥. 1 ġ Ȳ ε Ʈ ߴ. ¥ 96 Ǿ. 3 Ŭ ̽ ش ׷ ü IS ȾҴµ 79 Ǿ. ܿ Ŭ ĺ Ŭ Ŀ ҷ , Ŭ 1 3,700޷ Ը ҹ ߴ Ŭ ĺ Ҹ ¥ ߴ. ̽Ͽ ߴ ¥ 20 17 ε Ʈ ĺ ϰų, Ŭ ĺ Ҹ ǵ̾.

 

̱ ̵ ü ǵ(Buzzfeed) ¥ ľϱ . ۳ 8 ̱ 11 8ϱ 3 ޵ ¥ ¥ غ ̴. . ¥ ̽ , ƿ, ۴ޱ 736 7õ ȸ, ¥ 870 1õ ȸ. ٽ , ¥ ı޷ ¥ ı޷ ȸ ̴. ٸ ġ Դ. ǻġ(Pew Research Center) , ̱ 44% ̽ Һϴ , Ư ¥ 1 48 ̳ , Ÿӽ Ű ֿ ȸ 17 ǿ ƴ. ǻġʹ SNS ϴ ¥ ߴٴ ȴ. ̷ ¥ ٲٴ ̴.

 

̱ ſ ִ ̽ ΰ ¥ ġ ϱ ϸ θ ָޱ ߴ.

 

¥ ΰ? ȣ

 

׷ٸ ¥ Ȯ ? ¥ ġ ó , ¥ ǿ ȸ Ǵ Ȳ̴. ڵ ٸ ¥ ϰ , ؼ ϴ, ؼ ϴĿ ¥ ְ ޶ Ѵ.

 

¥ а ؼ , ¥ б ƴ ̳ ü л紺 ͳ Խù, л Ȩ ¥ , ô ϴ Ƽ α ȴ. ѱ лƮ ī䳪 α ǰ , ¥ ڴ Ϲ ͳ Ŀ ° ۼ ¥ л, ̸ ޾ ϰ ִ.

 

ؼ ¥ ´ Խù , ¥ ؼ , ¥ л糪 ڵ ¥ ü ִ. Ƿ Ȯε ϴ , ͳ οϿ , Ư ̳ ߾ Ϻκ ν ȣϴ Ǻ Ģ Ǵ ¥ ϴ ̵鵵 ִ. ̱ ε Ʈ ĺ ķ CNN Ʈ ߾ Ͽ ְ ߴٸ ̵ ¥(Fake News) ִ.

 

̷ ¥ ٸ νİ ǰ ó ǵ ʴ ¥ ü Ӱ ü dz ó θ ǰ ֱ ̱⵵ , ȿ ϰ Ǵ ¥ θ Ǻϱ⿡ ̵ ȯ ʹ ϱ ̴.

 

. ̿ 1 ΰŰ ۼ ¥ΰ ƴѰ? Ҽȹ̵ õ, ȷο Ȯ л纸 ū ϰ ִ ǴϾ ۼ Խñ ¥ΰ ƴѰ? Ҽȹ̵ ū α⸦ ü ¥ΰ ƴѰ? ľл簡 ͳݿ ̸ ī ̾߱⸦ ο뺸 ϴ ¥ΰ ƴѰ?

 

̵ ȯ Կ ڿ Һ , ο 𵨵 ϸ θ ̻ ʰ ִ. ¥ , , ൿ ̵ ȯ ȭ ο · ̴. ¥ Ȩ ó ǿ ΰ Ǹ ġ Ǹ, ׷ٰ ¥ ؼ شϴ κ ͳ ¥ ֿ ְ ν ȴ.

 

ϸ, ¥ ϰ ϴ ̸, ΰ ̸ ¥ ̳ ̳Ŀ ڵ ǰ 浹ϰ ִٴ ̴. ̷ ¥ ع̳ Կ ־ ߻ϰ ִ.

 

¥ ȴ?

 ̱ ¥ ڿ ƴ. ׷ Ե ¥ ̱ ƴ϶ ؿܿ ͵̾. Ư ɵϾƿ ġ ¥ Ҵ. 100 ̻ ¥ Ȩ ǰ ־. ¥ ̱ ڵ Ҽȹ̵ ̽ Ǹ ̱ ̾. ü ݾ ɵϾ ϱ?

 

¥ ȴٴ û ̱ ̿ϸ鼭 ̾. û α, Ҽȹ̵, Ʈ ӿ ¥ߴ. Ʈó ̴ ׷ Ȩ ͳݿ ° ڱ ̾߱鿡 ġ ¥ ó Ŀ ̴. ̰ɷ İ? .

 

ֵ弾(Adsense) ִ. ۿ ϴ ߰ ε, ϴ ü() ۿ ϰ ûϸ, ֵ弾 , α ֵ弾 ʸ ɰڴٰ û ÷ ش. ִ ۿ ְ, ȸ, ȫ ʸ α Խڵ鿡 ݾ ϴ ̴.

 

ɵϾ ¥ ϰ ϴ ϴ û鵵 ֵ弾 ߰ 񽺸 ̿Ͽ ʸ ɾ. ׵ ¥ û ȸ ߰, ׿ ì ־. Ʈ ȣ ¥ ׸ Ҵ ִ. ģ Ʈ DZ ̴.

 

̱ ټ иü Ŭ ĺ ȣ̰, ε Ʈ ĺ ̾. Ʈ ĺ ȥڼ е ϰ ִٰ ϰ ٳ . ģ Ʈ ڵ Ʈ ӿ Ƿθ ־µ, ħ Ҽȹ̵ ŬϿ ڱ̰ ϴ ݰ ۿ . Ҽȹ̵ ˰ ģ Ʈ ׵鸸 (Filter Bubble) ӿ ¥ ߴ ̴.

 

¥ ġ ܿ ٰ ϰ, ε ׷Դ. Ÿ ܰó ϴ Ÿ غ. ĺ ڵ ӿ ϴ ͳ ô ؿԴ ̴. ô뿡 ο ܰ DZ ߰, ֱ ϴ ¥ ׷ ϳ ̴. ׷ ¥ ġ ص , ġ Ϲ α ̿Ǹ鼭 е ¥ Դ.

 

ɵϾ û ̱ ǵ ũ ̴. Ŭ ĺ ȣ ¥ ƴٸ ̸ ̴.

 

ѱ ¥

 

¥ Ŵ ȸ ڸűϰ ִ. м Ʈ ¥ ְ ޵ Խù ްϰ ϰ ִ Ȳ̴. 2014 1 1Ϻ 2017 3 9ϱ α(4 6377), Ʈ(81 4790), (3051), Ŀ´Ƽ(3990) Խù鿡 ¥ ޷ Ȯ 2014 1666, 2015 820ǿ ġ ޷ 2016 Ϲݱ⿡ 1 1239 ߴ. 2017 3ġ 7 7257ǿ Ѵ.

 

Ϳ ¥ ޷ ź ̴. ̱ ¥ ü ó Ǹ θ ˷ ͵ и ư, ڱ ź ġ ÷ ̷ ¥ ̶ֿ ش.

 

¿, ź ϰ ¥ Դµ, ִ. ڱ ϴ ܿ ַ ¥ ̾. ּ Ƿ Ȳ ٹ̰ ִ, ڱ , ΰ غ̴, ڱ Ÿ ؿܷ ǽ غ ϰ ִ Ȯε ͳ ̰߰ ޱ. ¥ ־, ͳ ڵ ̸ ī ڷḦ ¥ Ͽ ־, ̸ ο뺸 е ־.

 

ݴ ڱ ϰ źٿ ݴϴ ̿ ¥ ؿ кȸ ϰ, ź ߴ ̾. ̷ӰԵ ؿ ̳ ϴ к ȸ ź ̴. ؿ ̸ ų, ؿ б ̸ ̷ ߴ ¥ ۵Ǿ. Ʋ ״ س, ڱ ź ݴϴ ؿ Į̶ ̴ ־.

 

¥ Ȥ ϴ ô ϴ п ¥ , ڱ ϴ µ ̿ ¥ ¿. ̴ ź ڱ ɿ ȭ ߿еκ θ ݸ ģ Ŭ͸ ϸ ߻ ̴. ̸ ڻ ͳ ī Ŀ´Ƽ ɴ Ÿ ܿ ̾, Ư ͷð Ʈ üũ ɷ¿ ̾. ͹ ¥ ۿ뿡 DZ ε, ̵ ׷ ȭ ¿. ׷ ڻ Ŀ´Ƽ ο ȣ ´ ¥ ū Ű, װ Ϲ ߵ ͹ ̾߱ӿ ұϰ, ̽ Ҽȹ̵, īī ޽ ÷ 2 ȮǸ鼭 ܺη ̴. ׷ ̸ ڻ ¥ Ҹ ͹ ̾߱ ߵ鿡 ҰǾ, ް Ǿ.

 

¥

 

 и ѹα ¥ Ѹ 󺸴 ̴. 2008 ¸ ΰ ¥ ȸ ģ ù ° ʶ ɽ غ. ̱ ̿ ܴ ì ɵϾ ûó ¥ ͸𵨷μ ̿ ʴ . ѱ ¥ ټ ġ ͵̴.

 

÷ ұԸ ͳ Ź Ǽ źٽ <ܵ -1> Ǽ ڱ ź Ȯ, ĸ, <ܵ-2> , ڱ ź Ȯ, ĸ 7 1 ο ¥ ʰ ִ. ڰ ÷ Ʈ Ǿ . Դٰ ڼ ļӱ簡 ̶ ־ Ʈ ϰ ڼ ö⸦ ٸ ־. ļ ö ʾҴ. ̸ ΰ ÷ ÷ ì ߴٴ ִ.

 

¥ ͸𵨷 Ȱ ã ̷ ̸ ü ڱ Ƽ Ȥ ȸ ø ޴ / ʸ ְڴ. ̴ ɵϾ ó Ϲ лó ̴ ¥ Ȩ , Ŀ ø ¥ʹ ٸ ̴. ʸ ¥ ο ؼ ߰ ǰ ʿ δ.

 

ѱ ¥, ΰ?

 

 ¥ ġ ȸ Ѵ. ͸𵨷μ ¥ ̿ϴ ʰ ѱ ׷ϴ. ġ ؼ ¥ ۵ǰ, ǰ, ȯȣޱ ̴. ̷ ¥ ȸ ϴ ϴ. 2008 ± Ž ö ʰ, ֱ ʸ ׷. ݱ⹮ UN ѱ UN ڽ Ǽ ¥ ĺ ߴٰ ص ƴϴ. ڱ ɰ õ ¥ ź ȣ߰, ڻ ¥ ε ش ߴ. ڽŵ ĺ ¥ ϱ ϰ ִ Ȳ̴.

 

̷ ¥ , , Űȸ ¥ å ϰ ִ. û ̹ ¥ ġ߰, 200 Ը ̹͸ ϰ ִ. ¥ ó ȭ ٰŵ õǰ ִ. ׷ ̷ ¥ ū ߴٰ ƴ. ռ ߵ, ִ ¥ ϴ ͺͰ ư, ¥ ĩ ù ǥ ħط ̾ ֱ ̴. ķ ¥ å ĺ Ƶ ä Ư Ȥ ¥ ϰ ո Ȥ ϴ ùε鿡 ϰڴٸ ڼ Ͽ ִ.

 

¥ Ϻ ع ã δ. ִ ϰ, ȯȣϴ η翡 ݺǾ ̴. ¥ ع ¥ ȯ ϴ Ϳ ̴. ġ ش ġݴ ȸ ȭؼ, ִ Ȳ ؼϰ, а ȭ شܼ ϴ ؾ ̴. ׷ ùǽ ȴٸ ¥ ϴ ̸ ϰ ٷ, ۿ ̴. ǿ ԰ , ѱ ȸ ع п ҽ ؼϰ, ǰ ϼ ̴. е ȸؾ ùε ŷ ˾Ƽ ɷ, Ȯε ϴ ͳ ȭ ̴. ͳݿ ȭ ȴٴ ǰ åϰ ο뺸ϴ ؾ Ѵ. ̷ ¥ , , Ȯ ϴ ū ϰ ִ.

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